What is Bursitis? Its Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention

Bursitis involves inflammation or irritation of the bursa of a joint. The word bursitis comes from the word bursa and “itis” which means inflammation. A bursa is a small, synovial fluid containing sac surrounded by a membrane. These sacs act as cushions for the joints. Located in areas that are subject to friction, as when a muscle or … Read more

Plica Syndrome Of The Knee: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Plica syndrome is a post-traumatic or post-inflammatory thickening, chronic inflammation (synovitis), and/or fibrosis of the synovial plicae of the knee. This means that the plica (PLI-kah) has been irritated by overuse or injury to the knee. Most commonly affecting the medial plica, the symptoms mimic those of other knee problems, such as a torn meniscus, … Read more

Painful, Swollen, Tight Shins During Exercise

If you’ve ever experienced tight, swollen, and painful shins during or after exercise, especially if you are new to exercising, you may have mistaken them for shin splints when they are in something that can be much more severe. These symptoms are part of a condition called exertional compartment syndrome. Both athletes and recreational exercisers … Read more

What is the difference Between Tendonitis, Tendonosis, and Tendinopathy?

The three common terms used to refer to tendon injuries or overuse injuries are extremely confusing. Much of the time, the difference between these entities is not apparent at all and they seem to be used interchangeably. Since there also exists disagreement among practitioners as to what internal changes actually constitute what condition, the layperson … Read more

Are Shin Splints Caused by Trigger Points?

Many people ask whether shin splints are caused by trigger points. This may be because the leading book on trigger point self-treatment implies that shin splints are associated with trigger points. They are not, however, according to the leading authorities, Travell and Simmons. Before I explain about shin splints and trigger points, let’s discuss what … Read more

Bruxism: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

By Noshir R. Mehta 1Noshir R. Mehta. Bruxism: Tooth Grinding and Clenching [Internet]. Version 16. Knol. 2008 Jul 23. Available from: http://knol.google.com/k/noshir-r-mehta/bruxism/D3iAfFNV/kRAr4Q. (Original no longer available, published under here under a Creative Commons License Professor and Chairman of General Dentistry and Director of the Craniofacial Pain Center Tufts Dental School, Boston MA What is Bruxism? … Read more

What is Crepitus?

Crepitus, which is sometimes called crepitation, is when repeated crackling sensations or sounds come from a joint or tissue that can be associated with a fracture, swelling, or inflammation. These are palpable, and sometimes audible, crunching, grinding, creaking, grating or other rough sensations or sounds produced by joint movements, which can often be felt by a … Read more

Snapping Scapula Syndrome Exercises and Massage

Scapulothoracic Creptius, aka Snapping Scapula Snapping Scapula syndrome is a snapping, grinding, or popping sensation or sound with scapulothoracic movement. Although pain with shoulder movement is usually present, some may have no pain. It is also sometimes referred to as scapulothoracic bursitis, scapulothoracic crepitus, superior scapula syndrome, scapulocostal syndrome, retroscapular creaking, washboard syndrome, rolling scapula, … Read more

Painful Bump on Inside of Foot: The Accessory Navicular Bone

Some people, possibly beginning in early adolescents, but perhaps later, can develop a painful bump on the side of their foot near the arch. The pain may be worse after athletic activity or just normal walking, and walking itself may become painful. This pain may become constant, but it will tend to improve with continued … Read more